Health is physical, mental and social well-being and livelihoods and survival of the people and the state (LR “’Ārstniecības likums”). Health is the result of grozdanoski and the influence of other biological factors and environmental factors.
The sports doctor is a certified specialist of high qualification, a physician in the specialty of sports medicine, which assesses physical
health and the effect of exercise on body function, conducts prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries associated with physical activity and sports, recommends the optimal physical activity and other measures to achieve the desired result.
The subject of consultations and sports doctor: select the necessary tests, evaluation of test results, determination of the optimal physical activity, the choice of the appropriate sport (W.h. in cases of various diseases), as well as, development of an individual rehabilitation plan or exercise.
PHYSICAL TRAINING AND PERFORMANCE
Physical fitness – a set of capabilities of the human body that ensures the implementation of any physical, mental, and emotional work, keeps good health given the innate characteristics of each individual, and the ability to use your body.
Physical fitness define physical qualities: endurance, strength, speed, agility, flexibility and reaction speed of movement.
Physical capacity is the potential ability of the individual to develop the maximum strength under static or dynamic.
Physical activity is an effect of physical exercise a certain intensity and volume on the human body. During physical activity the human body is changing: speeds up the heart, accelerates and deepens breathing, increases muscle tone, accelerate biochemical (metabolic) and other processes.
Not every physical activity can improve the health of the body and improve health. If the load is too small, the efficiency is not increased (no result), and the load is too large may reduce the performance, because it triggered a defensive reaction, which protects the body against overload, i.e. fatigued. Prolonged fatigue can cause pathological changes in the immune system of the body and a harbinger of diseases.
Using the test of functional diagnostics can be identified target load for each person or optimal physical activity.
TESTS OF FUNCTIONAL DIAGNOSTICS
In sports medicine the basis of the functional diagnostic exercise tests, i.e. tests for opredeleniya and evaluate the health and qualities of the body (endurance, strength, speed, agility and reaction movements). The purpose of the functional tests is to determine the optimal or target load for each person individually.
Diagnostiskie testi galvenokārt ir paredzēti sirds-asinsvadu sistēmas un elpošanas sistēmas padziļinātai izmeklēšanai un funkcionālo spēju noteikšanai. Tieši šī sistēmas ierobežo organisma darbspējas.
THE ACQUISITION OF PURSUING OPTIMAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY:
■ improving and strengthening health;
■ optimizing the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive and other body systems;
■ improves a person’s appearance;