Elliptical trainer for home what are
Elliptical trainer for home – choose together
The elliptical trainer is great for weight loss
Elliptical trainer is a combination of stepper, stationary bike and treadmill. It was invented relatively recently, 15-20 years ago, but thanks to its effectiveness soon took a leading place in the range of modern exercise equipment. The main difference between elliptical trainer from the prototypes in a wide range of effects on the body. When playing on it is also and upper body, train all major muscle groups: shoulders. arms, chest, back. thighs, legs. buttocks. Smooth movement of the pedals
in an elliptical path that minimizes the load on the ankle and knee joints. Another positive opposed elliptical trainer that its design includes movement both forward and backward.
Elliptical trainers can simulate various types of cardio – from easy walking and running before climbing a steep slope or stairs. Since they belong to the group of cardiovascular machines, and the effects of exercise will be appropriate – weight loss, strengthening of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. improved stamina. as well as improving coordination.
Types of elliptical exercise machines
The following types of elliptical trainers depending on how they work (how to load):
Mechanical. The simulator is driven by force trainee on him as a man. The inhibition is due to the loosening or tightening of the belt. To establish the required level of load it is necessary to twist a special regulator that is very difficult. This usually leads to abrupt changes of the load and the absence or lack of smoothness, which adversely affects the knee joints. Another disadvantage is that they are quite noisy. Plus the low cost of the simulator.
Magnetic elliptical trainers are more high-tech. Braking system built into them by natural magnet. The load level in this case is controlled by a servo is a small motor moving the magnet closer to the flywheel or away from him. Than the magnet closer to the flywheel, the stronger the resistance. Regulation load level occurs by means of buttons on the panel of the simulator. Its advantage over the previous form is the relative quiet operation, smooth ride, adjustable load in a wide range with a high degree of accuracy, longevity of use.
Electromagnetic. In them to move the magnet relative to the flywheel is used, the actuator, which helps to regulate the load in the smallest intervals. They have a large set of different functions, including not only the establishment of certain training programs. but with the level of your fitness. Using the built-in computer, you can set the distance, the duration of the exercise, the optimal pulse. These simulators are the most expensive but also the most silent, accurate in adjustment and durable. Their price depends on the mass of the flywheel and the amount of embedded software.
Also models of elliptical trainers are divided into rear wheel drive and front wheel drive.
Front-wheel were invented relatively recently. In them the flywheel with a drive system located in the front part that allows the vertical position of the body during training. It is believed that they are more suitable for tall people, because prevent the punches knees on the frame of the machine.
RWD is a more traditional model, they have the flywheel is at the rear. This means that during training the simulator provides the same trajectory with a slight forward lean, as in the ordinary running. The rear-drive elliptical trainers, as a rule, the longer the Playground for the feet that allows you to change the position of the body in much larger ranges. In order to understand which of them suits you best, once is enough work out for both, because different people have – different styles of running.
How to choose an elliptical trainer
When choosing elliptical trainer should pay attention to the following characteristics:
Stride length This parameter is important, since it determines the amplitude of the movements, and, consequently, the effectiveness of training. The models of the first and mid-level stride length is fixed at 40 cm More professional trainers allow you to adjust the stride length, but their cost is much higher.
The weight of the flywheel the greater the mass of the flywheel, the smoother will be movement and a more even distribution of the load on the knee joints. In exercise equipment for home use flywheels weigh, on average, 10 kg more Than the weight of the flywheel, the more expensive the machine.
Exercise program They belong to the electromagnetic elliptical trainers. There is a regular program to increase or decrease the load according to a predetermined algorithm, and there are heart rate controlled, in which the load level is measured and is adjusted depending on the frequency of your heart rate. Some types of exercise equipment have the function of self-programming.
Pulse measurement Standard implies a measure of heart rate on the handles. They aren’t very accurate, as record your average heart rate in a certain period of time, in addition to that, some time should keep his hands on the arms. Pulse meters, which are attached to the body, more comfortable. The presence of a pulse meter necessarily of cardiovascular exercise. especially on those models that contain a heart rate controlled programme. If the pulse meter is purchased separately from the machine, need to check their compatibility.
Suitable for home magnetic or inexpensive electromagnetic simulators. The choice depends on how often you will be using the product. When doing 5 or more times per week need trainer intermediate level with an electromagnetic system. When used 2-3 times per week suitable magnetic trainer. If you have a high growth or significant weight, it is necessary when choosing a trainer to pay attention to such technical characteristics as the maximum weight of the user.
The value of body weight of the user must be greater than your weight at least 15 kg. Otherwise, the simulator runs the risk of quickly damaged. If you are above 180 cm, it is better to buy a front-drive machine. You must bear in mind how much space you are willing to invest in your home under the simulator. The size of the Foundation of elliptical exerciser, on average, is about 1.5 meters. In addition there is space for free movement of the pedals and handles. Before buying a trainer be sure to perform a so-called test drive. Pedal for five minutes, check the reverse gear, heart rate monitor, the computer. Try the simulators consistent in price order, from the cheapest to the most expensive or Vice versa. So you better feel the difference between them.
You should also take into account the following points:
The control panel should be easy and intuitive. even in the presence of a large number of built-in programs
The motion of the pedals should be without jumps, strictly on an elliptical path. Check the smoothness back and forth. Thus, there should be no tension, pressure on the spine and joints. the desire to use the handrails as a prop.
The levers of the hand must also be a smooth even stroke and height appropriate for your height. This will relieve the excess loads on your back.
The trainer should not make noise in all modes of operation, including the maximum.
Comfort and safety training, which includes physiological and mechanical safety. Physiological implies the absence of load on the spine and joints, as well as ensuring a healthy cardiovascular system through proper setup and the continuous monitoring of heart rate. To determine the mechanical safety check for any knocks and jerks during rotation of the flywheel, not shaken if the trainer is, is it possible to walk on it without handrails.