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Formation in preschool children

Formation in preschool children adapt to physical stress

The systematic effects on the body moderate muscle loads and gradually increasing the daily value muscle tension extends the normal range of portable loads, decreases the extent of reaction load on the cardiorespiratory system, improves myocardial contractility (the main symptom of a health effect of exercise),

improving the mechanisms of energy supply, reduced during reduction reactions, increased immunological status, stimulates hematopoietic the function of the bone marrow (blood gains more red blood cells and beta-

cells), activates the blood clotting system that increases the synthesis corticoid hormones, increases the body’s resistance not only to the muscular work, but also to various influences of the outside world. In particular, the systematic use of physical exercises in combination with tempering procedures contributes to the prevention of infectious diseases, diseases of the cardiovascular system and cancer, increases resistance to adverse environmental conditions.

For the successful implementation of these tasks when performing physical exercises must comply with a number of didactic principles:

The compliance burden to the functional capabilities of children.

Before you start exercising, you should evaluate the physical condition of the child (level of physical development, physical preparedness and functional state). This requires from the teacher’s knowledge of not only the theory and practice of physical education, and medical monitoring. Specialist in physical education should have an idea about the health status of children, the significance of a diagnosis, methods of urgent and major medical-pedagogical control of children in the process of physical exercises.

Essentially the concept of “under load” combines the didactic principle of gradual complication of exercise (increase their tempo, rhythm, and total muscular load “from small to great”) and the medical principle of “do no harm”. Every child should do what he can.

The regularity and duration of exercise.

Only under such conditions can be achieved to expand the functionality of physiological systems and to promote adaptation to physical load.

Monitoring the effect of exercise on the body of children directly in the classroom and after 2-4 weeks or more.

Only in this case, you can get a reliable positive effect of rehabilitation. Monitoring of the functional state of children in the process of exercise requires certain knowledge and skills in conducting simple biomedical, anthropometric and functional measurements. Dynamic control of the physical condition of the child will not only see a positive effect of exercise, but also to detect and to prevent their negative effects, will allow to introduce new exercises to spice up a program of training and coaching to increase the load.

Dealing with these tasks, you can use exercise therapy for:

prevention (development of resistance to harmful influences);

clinical (extension of reserve capacity of the healthy and sick organism);

social (improved health);

environmental (increased excretion of harmful substances, physical rehabilitation) of Pediatrics.